ECMWF: Global weather forecast model from the "European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts"
4 times per day, from 06:00, 12:00, 18:00 and 00:00 UTC
This service is based on data and products of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)
ECMWF does not accept any liability whatsoever for any error or omission in the data, their availability, or for any loss or damage arising from their use.
Greenwich Mean Time:
12:00 UTC = 07:00 EST
Maximum Temperature at 2 metres above the ground
This map shows the highest temperature between
6 to 12 and 12 to 18 UTC. Though the modeled 2m-temperature often is not in agreement
with the actual observation, together with
1. the temperature at 850 hPa,
2. SYNOP reports
3. and a skillful synoptic meteorologist,
excellent Tmax 2m forecasts are possible.
Numerical weather prediction uses current weather conditions as input into mathematical models of the atmosphere to predict the weather. Although the first efforts to accomplish this were done in the 1920s, it wasn't until the advent of the computer and computer simulation that it was feasible to do in real-time. Manipulating the huge datasets and performing the complex calculations necessary to do this on a resolution fine enough to make the results useful requires the use of some of the most powerful supercomputers in the world. A number of forecast models, both global and regional in scale, are run to help create forecasts for nations worldwide. Use of model ensemble forecasts helps to define the forecast uncertainty and extend weather forecasting farther into the future than would otherwise be possible.
Wikipedia, Numerical weather prediction, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Numerical_weather_prediction
(as of Feb. 9, 2010, 20:50 UTC).